The Cost of the U.S. Census

Includes U.S. Population Figures from the Census 1790-2010

    This webpage lists the amount it cost the U.S. government to take the Federal Decennial Census for each of the census years 1790-2010...
   
 
Census YearTotal PopulationCensus CostAverage Cost Per Person
17903,929,214$44,3771.13 cents
18005,308,483$66,1091.24 cents
18107,239,881$178,4452.46 cents
18209,633,822$208,5262.16 cents
183012,866,020$378,5452.94 cents
184017,069,458$833,3714.88 cents
185023,191,876$1,423,3516.14 cents
186031,443,321$1,969,3776.26 cents
187038,558,371$3,421,1988.87 cents
188050,155,783$5,790,67811.54 cents
189062,979,766$11,547,12718.33 cents
190076,303,387$11,854,00015.54 cents
191091,972,266$15,968,00017.07 cents
1920105,710,620$25,117,00023.76 cents
1930122,775,046$40,156,00032.71 cents
1940131,669,275$67,527,00051.29 cents
1950151,325,798$91,462,00060.44 cents
1960179,323,175$127,934,00071.34 cents
1970203,302,031$247,653,000$1.22
1980226,542,199$1,078,488,000$4.76
1990248,718,301$2,492,830,000$10.02
2000281,421,906$4.5 Billion$15.99
2010*308,745,538$13 Billion$42.11
  The 1940 Census
1940 census records were released on April 2, 2012. For details see:

1940 Census Records and Information

For information on census records for other years see:

U.S. Census Records 1790-1940



The U.S. population reached 300,000,000 on 17 October 2006






Source (except 2010)...
Gauthier, Jason G., Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790-2000, (US Bureau of the Census/Dept of Commerce), Washington: US Government Printing Office, 2002, Appendix A, Page A-1.

The numbers in the fourth column are not included in the book and were added by me.

* The 2010 census cost was taken from GAO (U.S. Government Accountability Office) report number GAO-11-496T, 2010 Census: Preliminary Lessons Learned Highlight the Need for Fundamental Reforms (April 6, 2011): "At about $13 billion, 2010 was the costliest U.S. Census in history." The official census day for 2010 was April 1, 2010. The total population figure (308,745,538) was announced by the U.S. Census Bureau on Dec. 21, 2010. See: 2010 Census - Resident Population Data



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